Could every aspect of reality exist only in relation to viewpoints on it? Is everything about us socially constructed rather than given? Jesse Prinz explores these questions in conversation with Nigel Warburton in this episode of the Philosophy Bites podcast.
How do you tell science from non-science? Karl Popper thought that the falsifiability of a hypothesis was the best indicator. Massimo Pigliucci is not so sure about this. Here he discusses the important issue of demarcation with Nigel Warburton.
We are a highly social species, but what follows from that? Do we have a right to human contact? In this episode of the Philosophy Bites podcast Kimberley Brownlee takes on the difficult question of what sort of contact we owe each other.
Peter Singer famously argued that many of us are guilty of speciesism in our dealings with animals - we give unreasonable priority to humans over other the interests of other animals. Speciesism is like racism and other prejudices in many respects. In this episode of the Philosophy Bites podcast, Shelly Kagan outlines and criticises Singer's arguments for this position, and in the process makes some interesting points about prejudice in general.
Michel Foucault was a prolific and original thinker. In this episode of the Philosophy Bites podcast Susan James discusses some of the ways in which he explored questions about knowledge in his writing.
If A is a better course of action than B, and B is better than C, it seems to follow that A must be a better course of action than C. This is what is known as the axiom of transitivity. Larry Temkin questions the assumption that transitivity is a feature of our moral judgements - his challenge has come to be known as 'Temkin's Paradox'. If he's right, then many assumptions that philosophers and others make about rationality need revising, with far-reaching consequences for practical ethics.
How should we live? That's one of the basic philosophical questions. The Stoics had some answers. But are these at all relevant today? William B. Irvine, along with a number of other contemporary philosophers, believes we can learn from Stoicism. It's a philosophy that can change your life. Is he right?
Relations of power affect us all. But do we know what power is? Steven Lukes sets out his three-dimensional account of this key concept in conversation with Nigel Warburton in this episode of the Philosophy Bites podcast.
Relativism has popular appeal. But why? Tim Williamson Wykeham Professor of Logic at Oxford University, (and also @tetralogue on Twitter), discusses this question, and attempts to immunise us against sloppy thinking in this area.
We're all irrational some of the time. Yet many past philosophers have put a great emphasis on human rationality as what sets us apart, and even made it a condition of moral action. In this episode of Philosophy Bites Lisa Bortolotti (@lisabortolotti) explores some different types of irrationality and the implications for human agency.
Harvard philosopher Christine Korsgaard defends a Kantian account of the status of animals in this episode of the Philosophy Bites podcast. She argues that we should treat animals as ends in themselves and spells out what that means in practice.